What is Intermodal Transportation? People from time to time will have the need to go from one place to another. The movement of people and goods will happen over several platforms known as transportation means. Sometimes when moving goods especially for long distances you will end up using more than one means of transport, this is what is known as intermodal transportation. The most common type of intermodal transport involves having sea transport as one of the means of transport. Import or exports using sea transport are offloaded or loaded at the sea harbor where an intermodal specialist performs the role of interlinking the modes of transport. The Harbor specialists is usually a company that directs the movement of containers. This involves loading export containers to the ship and offloading import containers off the ship and loading them to the relevant next mode of transport such as road. The owner of the cargo is relieved of the need of being there when the cargo is being loaded or offloaded as the specialist will oversee the process. The process involves the sender or receiver informing the Harbor specialist of an outgoing or incoming cargo. The message usually is the shipment number of the container. The Harbor specialist then undertakes the clearing process and loads the container either to the ship or to the inland mode of transport as instructed by the cargo owner.
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Intermodal transportation is used to overcome the limitation of one, means of transport. Some of the limitations are.
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Some means of transport cannot be used in given locations. Such as a water transportation vessels can only travel over water mediums such as sea and oceans. This means that it is only accessible to coastal city. Intermodal trucking is used to overcome the challenge of sea transport by interlinking land area with the coastal area. Intermodal transportation is also used to ease congestion on one means of transport. Roads or railways are built to handle a given volume therefore if a large number of people are using it, the volume may not be sufficient. To ease intermodal congestion transportation assist people to switch to the least congested mode of transport when moving or to transport goods. Movement of goods by ships and other water vessels are facilitated the growth of international trade. Businesses can distribute their goods worldwide. Features that make sea transport suitable is the ability to carry huge loads of goods, and it does not cost a lot. Countries without coastal lines can also get or send goods to other continents as a result of intermodal transportation. The land locked countries will usually transport well via sea to the nearest harbor then the goods will be transported to the country via other land means of transport such as road and railways. Sea transport interlinking with other means of transport has facilitated the growth of coastal towns and cities.